Con Brio 2012, 4min 15sec


Con Brio is a four minute choreography of stop-motion animation featuring flowers in liberty and play. This project began as a challenge to explore the distinctive optical properties of pinhole photography for motion. The images were acquired one frame at a time entirely without a computer or lens, using a 16mm film camera adapted for a variety of pinhole and double-slit techniques and choreographed to a lively ukulele composition by James Hill.

More details:

What I love about animation is the combination of technical challenge and artistic expression. I want to find ways of working that go beyond the common perception of animation as a drawn narrative. In several projects I explore the very old process of pinhole imagery. The challenge was to explore the types of images and movement possible with pinholes and to put it together in a subject that could find no better expression than with that technique.

As pinhole photography is a glutton for light, shooting outside was a given. From there it followed that a great source of form &colour would be flowers. Flowers, however, come with symbolic baggage. There are all too many examples of achingly beautiful representations of flowers, and while flowers are indeed beautiful I wanted to find a different way of paying homage than a reproduction of that beauty.

Con Brio is the first of the pinhole films. This project was completed part-time over a six year period and involved much innovation in methods of capturing images and generating effects in-camera that are surprisingly low-tech and yet effective. This contrasted with the subsequent more standard hi-tech digital post production for editing and colour balance. Much as I have thrown away advanced technology in the initial stages, this project could not have been completed as is without it.


  • Sep. 2016 - Unexposed Microcinema: Living on the Edge, Durham, NC USA
  • Sep. 2015 - Women Media Arts & Film Festival, Sydney, Australia
  • 2014-2015 Stop and Go: Made from Scratch, travelling show
    • Sep. 2015 - Kala Art Institute, Berkeley, CA, USA
    • Feb. 2015 - Second Act Marketplace & Events, San Francisco, CA, USA
    • Apr. 2014 - The Explortorium, San Francisco CA, USA
    • Jun. 2014 - Grafisch Atelier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    • Jun. 2014 - trenutak.39, Zagreb, Croatia
    • Jul. 2014 - Mediteran Film Festival at Kino Mediteran, Hvar, Croatia
    • May 2014 - The Niche New Media Project, University of Virginia, Charlottesville VA, USA
    • Aug. 2014 - Gigant, Outdoor Caravan, Appledorn, Netherlands
    • Nov. 2014 - The Flicks, Boise ID, USA
  • Sep. 2013 - WNDX festival of moving image, Winnipeg, Canada
  • Aug. 2013 - Hollow Earth London Film Festival, London, UK
  • Jun. 2013 - Haverhill Experimental Film Festival, Haverhill, MA USA
  • May. 2013 - Montreal Underground Film Festival, Montreal, Canada
  • Mar. 2013 - Flatpack Festival, Birmingham UK
  • Mar. 2013 - West Virginia Mountaineer Short Film Festival, Morgantown, WV USA
  • In the permanant collection of The Exploratorium, San Francisco, USA


  • Direction & animaton - Sandra Eber
  • Music composition - James Hill
  • Music performance - James Hill & Anne Davison
  • Music reproduced with permission from - Boralis Records (
  • Sound re-recording - Shelly Craig
  • Video online - Denis Gathelier
  • NFB technical coordinator - Daniel Claveau
  • NFB consultants - Michael Fukushima & Randall Finnerty

Supported in part by grants from:

  • Concordia University Part-time Faculty Grant
  • NFB Filmmaker Assistant Program